Student Answers thisguy Student In the history of the United states reconstruction refers to the period between andwhen efforts were made, after the civil war, to restore the relations between North and the South, to improve status of the blacks and, to restore normalcy in the country. While the country was able to reunite effectively the the country, it did nod do much to improve the condition of the blacks. Also it failed to solve the economic problems of the South. Though new governments banned discrimination and gave blacks the right to vote, the deep rooted prejudice of the white against blacks persisted and it was reflected in many legal practices that were allowed to continue.
In recent decades most historians follow Foner in dating the Reconstruction of the south as starting in with Emancipation and the Port Royal experiment rather than Army, President Abraham Lincoln set up reconstructed governments in TennesseeArkansasand Louisiana during the war.
He experimented by giving land to blacks in South Carolina. By fallthe new President Andrew Johnson declared the war goals of national unity and the ending of slavery achieved and reconstruction completed.
In ten states,  coalitions of freedmen, recent black and white arrivals from the North carpetbaggersand white Southerners who supported Reconstruction scalawags cooperated to form Republican biracial state governments.
They introduced various reconstruction programs including: Conservative opponents called the Republican regimes corrupt and instigated violence toward freedmen and whites who supported Reconstruction. Most of the violence was carried out by members of the Ku Klux Klan KKKa secretive terrorist organization closely allied with the southern Democratic Party.
Klan members attacked and intimidated blacks seeking to exercise their new civil rights, as well as Republican politicians in the south favoring those civil rights. One such politician murdered by the Klan on the eve of the presidential election was Republican Congressman James M. Widespread violence in the south led to federal intervention by President Ulysses S.
Grant inwhich suppressed the Klan.
Nevertheless, white Democratscalling themselves " Redeemers ", regained control of the south state by state, sometimes using fraud and violence to control state elections. A deep national economic depression following the Panic of led to major Democratic gains in the North, the collapse of many railroad schemes in the South, and a growing sense of frustration in the North.
The end of Reconstruction was a staggered process, and the period of Republican control ended at different times in different states. With the Compromise ofmilitary intervention in Southern politics ceased and Republican control collapsed in the last three state governments in the South.
This was followed by a period which white Southerners labeled "Redemption", during which white-dominated state legislatures enacted Jim Crow laws and, beginning indisenfranchised most blacks and many poor whites through a combination of constitutional amendments and electoral laws.
Intense controversy erupted throughout the South over these issues. By the s, Reconstruction had officially provided freedmen with equal rights under the constitution, and blacks were voting and taking political office.
Republican legislatures, coalitions of whites and blacks, established the first public school systems and numerous charitable institutions in the South. White paramilitary organizationsespecially the Ku Klux Klan and also the White League and Red Shirts formed with the political aim of driving out the Republicans.
They also disrupted political organizing and terrorized blacks to bar them from the polls. From toconservative whites calling themselves " Redeemers " regained power in the Southern states.
They joined the Bourbon wing of the national Democratic Party. In the s and s the terms "radical" and "conservative" had distinctive meanings. Leaders who had been Whigs were committed to economic modernization, built around railroads, factories, banks and cities.
Passage of the 13th14thand 15th Amendments is the constitutional legacy of Reconstruction.
These Reconstruction Amendments established the rights that led to Supreme Court rulings in the midth century that struck down school segregation. A "Second Reconstruction", sparked by the Civil Rights Movementled to civil rights laws in and that ended segregation and re-opened the polls to blacks.
Material devastation of the South in [ edit ] Further information: Broad Street, Reconstruction played out against an economy in ruin. The Confederacy in had towns and cities with a total population ofpeople; of these withpeople were at one point occupied by Union forces.
The rate of damage in smaller towns was much lower—only 45 courthouses were burned out of a total of Bythe Confederate dollar was worthless due to high inflation, and people in the South had to resort to bartering services for goods, or else use scarce Union dollars.
With the emancipation of the southern slaves, the entire economy of the South had to be rebuilt. Having lost their enormous investment in slaves, white planters had minimal capital to pay freedmen workers to bring in crops.
As a result, a system of sharecropping was developed where landowners broke up large plantations and rented small lots to the freedmen and their families. The main feature of the Southern economy changed from an elite minority of landed gentry slaveholders into a tenant farming agriculture system.
Men worked as rail workers, rolling and lumber mills workers, and hotel workers. The large population of slave artisans during the antebellum period had not been translated into a large number of freemen artisans during Reconstruction.
Others worked in hotels.In the history of the United States, Reconstruction Era has two uses; the first covers the entire nation in the period – following the Civil War; the second one, used in this article, covers the transformation of the Southern United States from to , with the reconstruction of state and society in the former Confederacy.
RECONSTRUCTION: AMERICA AFTER THE CIVIL WAR (w.t.) is a production of McGee Media, Inkwell Films and WETA Washington, DC. Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
and Dyllan McGee are executive producers.
Despite gaining their civil war and discuss the american civil war reconstruction after the civil war sample essays. Chicago press, dead and reform america, –77, a custom essay.
His snc , and ended in the atlantic. Reconstruction: After the Civil War, the American South Rebuilds Download MP3 (Right-click or option-click the link.). THE MAKING OF A NATION-- a program in Special English.. In March, , Congress tried to remove President Andrew Johnson from office.
For more detailed information on the process of Reconstruction, the teacher is encouraged to visit America's Reconstruction: People and Politics After the Civil War; for a timeline of major events of reconstruction during the war itself, of particular use is Freedmen and Southern Society Project: Chronology of Emancipation.
Mar 29, · THE surrender of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House, years ago next month, effectively ended the Civil War. Preoccupied with the .