Notes Abstract This essay surveys the development and current state of electronic literature, from the popularity of hypertext fiction in the 's to the present, focusing primarily on hypertext fiction, network fiction, interactive fiction, locative narratives, installation pieces, "codework," generative art and the Flash poem. It also discusses the central critical issues raised by electronic literature, pointing out that there is significant overlap with the print tradition. At the same time, the essay argues that the practices, texts, procedures, and processual nature of electronic literature require new critical models and new ways of playing and interpreting the works.
Postmodern Essay October 1, by cairney16 This is my essay i produced to help me with my exam, it includes postmodern theorists and analysis on postmodern films.
Films, literature, art and the media can all be postmodern. Another definition suggests that postmodernism affirms that the truth is relative to ones perspective and there is no larger framework of meaning to language or our world.
For example, media magazines present coverage on things in a one perspective, making the audience feel a certain way, or believing in something that possibly is not the true reality, but how would the audience know when they are only being influenced by what is seen or read.
I personally believe this to be true.
The postmodern theorists, Reality and representation postmodern media essay and Lyotard have spent a significant amount of time studying postmodernism however both convey a different outlook on the matter.
This in general means the interaction of reality, symbols and society. Simulation defines itself as the imitation of some real thing, representing real characteristics or behaviours of a system.
We, as an audience challenge our views and unconscionably break our barriers on how much we want to believe.
What Lyotard meant by this narrative structure is that there is no such thing as a objective and we believe in order to understand.
He is saying that all of life is explained by narratives and myths and that the only way to understand reality is through these stories. He is saying that to be post-modern is to have incredulity towards these stories because they make claims of legitimisation that prove difficult if not impossible to establish.
Although the company is small and dynamic Winterbottom and Eaton feel that they like this a lot more because they get to make films about what interest them. This is used frequently in the shots we see inside the Hacienda in Manchester and when the bands are playing, I feel this contributes to the fact that it is possibly trying to look like a documentary.
This gives direct contact as if we are not looking in on a film but are actually part of it. Also a narration is used throughout the entire film frequently commenting on events as they occur. The film is mainly representing the music industry at the time however the rise of drugs and alcohol was also an issue in the film and there are frequent shots of these being taken or used.
I mean this by all the shots of partying and drug taking are seen as fun and not really highlighting the actual dangers that these events will have. A specific scene in which this is used is when Jamal, one of the main characters of the film, and the other refugees are locked in a container that is being shipped to Paris.
The camera is inside the container with the passengers and is frequently moving unsteadily, the audience cannot see much as it is very dark and all we can hear is noises of people screaming and banging.
This also helps to contribute to the docudrama type film that this is. Night vision camera is also used within the film when the refugees are trying to get across as guarded area, this again adds to the effect of presenting a documentary.
Another scene where this camera technique is used is when Jamal has just arrived in Paris, after being locked in a container for 48 and shipped overseas. Whilst he is running the impression is given that the camera is running with him due to, again, the unsteady camera movements. Another element that the film is post-modern is the map that appears on screen whenever the refugees are moving across land.
An animated visual of what the land looks like appears on screen so the audience can see how far they have travelled. Since the book is about a man attempting but failing to write his autobiography, the film takes the form of being about failing to make the film. What makes this film more interesting is the fact that it is a film-within-a-film and the actors playing themselves so the audience is unsure of what is real and what is acting.
This just reflects the non-linear story line in the novel. This reflects the humour within the film but also again, within the novel of how unimportant things were just thrown in at random times throughout the non-linear structure.
In conclusion, post-modernism is rife throughout our society, particularly nowadays with post-modern films, art, music and literature. I feel that people like Michael Winterbottom are a good example as to what the post-modern movement actually is, in terms of breaking the barriers of something and pushing it to its limits.Colophon · The template for the Web edition of this document was marked up by Nick Montfort in valid XHTML with a valid CSS2 style sheet.
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This article belongs to a special series focused on post-development issues which was created in co-operation with the University of Vienna.. In the last years as a student of International Development, my naive understanding of helping ‚the others‘ and my idea of the whole development business was completely disillusioned.
Postmodernism is distinguished by a questioning of the master narratives that were embraced during the modern period, the most important being the notion that all progress - especially technological - .
Hyperreality. The model of the code does not represent a prior social reality. It creates a new social reality, which Baudrillard terms ashio-midori.comeality is a special kind of social reality in which a reality is created or simulated from models, or defined by reference to models – a reality generated from ideas.
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Question and Answer on Contemporary Social Issues - 1. One of the most significant changes taking place in the past few decades, the one that has had a pronounced effect on millions of families, causing considerable concern, has been the movement of women into the workplace.