The many fields it probes include film, documentaries, novels, academic treatises, art, poetry and politics. Jacques Lacan's development of Freudian theory, in particular, offers a uniquely powerful tool for yielding meanings and truths that a work's creator may not have intended or noticed. By paying close attention to a text, psychoanalysis goes beyond the obvious and locates other potentials ciphered within the consciously intended meanings. Read as an analyst listens to her patients:
Overview[ edit ] The object of psychoanalytic literary criticism, at its very simplest, can be the psychoanalysis of the author or of a particularly interesting character in a given work.
Critics may view the fictional characters as psychological case studiesattempting to identify such Freudian concepts as the Oedipus complexFreudian slipsId, ego and superegoand so on, and demonstrate how they influence the thoughts and behaviors of fictional characters.
However, more complex variations of psychoanalytic criticism are possible. Like all forms of literary criticism, psychoanalytic criticism can yield useful clues to the sometime baffling symbols, actions, and settings in a literary work; however, like all forms of literary criticism, it has its limits.
For one thing, some critics rely on psychocriticism as a "one size fits all" approach, when other literary scholars argue that no one approach can adequately illuminate or interpret a complex work of art.
As Guerin, et al. To see a great work of fiction or a great poem primarily as a psychological case study is often to miss its wider significance and perhaps even the essential aesthetic experience it should provide.
This means that the text represses its real or latent content behind obvious manifest content. The process of changing from latent to manifest content is known as the dream work, and involves operations of concentration and displacement. The critic analyzes the language and symbolism of a text to reverse the process of the dream work and arrive at the underlying latent thoughts.
The study implied four different phases: The creative process is akin to dreaming awake: These metaphorical networks are significant of a latent inner reality.
They point at an obsession just as dreams can do. A basically unconscious sexual impulse is symbolically fulfilled in a positive and socially gratifying way, a process known as Sublimation.
Romance is a multiple orgasm.In William Shakespeare’s play Othello, Iago, the villain, deceives the main character, Othello into thinking his wife is unfaithful. Although Iago’s claims are not true, Othello believes him, and by the end of the play, jealousy overtakes Othello.
Psychoanalytic Criticism is defined by Moon (, p) " as seeing literary texts as representing the unconscious thoughts and desires shared by members of a culture.
It provides a way of exploring the social construction of personal identities, especially through the readers interaction with the text.". •Mythological criticism explores how the imagination uses myths, symbols to different cultures and epochs •A central concept in mythological criticism is an archetype that analyses symbols and characters to find a deeper meaning.
Sep 17, · Psychological analysis of literary works is an approach to understand the truth in human's mind and behavior in different aspects. This kind of analysis uses characters in stories as representatives of human beings under circumstances motivating human to react mentally and physically.
Essay on form criticism Form criticism is a method of biblical criticism that classifies units of scripture by literary pattern. It is used in order to discover the origin and history of a text or its creators. Psychoanalytic criticism adopts the methods of "reading" employed by Freud and later theorists to interpret texts.
It argues that literary texts, like dreams, express the secret unconscious desires and anxieties of the author, that a literary work is a manifestation of the author's own neuroses.