Early history[ edit ] Ancient China was the first country in the world that implemented a nationwide standardized test, which was called the imperial examination. The main purpose of this examination was to select able candidates for specific governmental positions.
How Successful Students Make the Grade Like many students at university, you may be unhappy about the results you attain in exams.
You may feel that even with all you are doing there must be something more -- or different-- you could be doing to get better grades.
We have all at some time or other heard of that student who only studies a couple of hours for final exams and scores A's every time. We stand in awe of those who seem to breeze through without undue effort and seem to need very little in the way of studying to nail an exam.
The reasons for success, in what I think are the vast majority of cases, are less esoteric than many students think: Where difficulties arise Sometimes the difficulties students have with preparing effectively for exams stem from a need to develop fundamental skills such as time management, reading for comprehension, note-taking, and coping with anxiety.
If this is true of you, you might also find it helpful to read "Reading University Level Materials" and "Note-taking at University" to strengthen your essential learning skills. Some other reasons that students experience difficulties preparing for exams are related to constraints on time, lack of preparation of appropriate kinds, and a misplaced focus on the course material.
In some cases students have difficulty developing an adequate understanding of the theoretical perspectives of the course or the course concepts and applying this understanding of one part of the course to another.
Others try to maintain their old approach to studies and this may involve them choosing to memorize materials when it may be more appropriate to work analytically or interpretively; this in turn may lead to increased anxiety and a chance of "blanking out" in exams.
Additionally, it is often the case that students seek effortless, short-term solutions to studying for exams, trying to learn a full year's work in the matter of a few days intensive studying. In sum, the reasons for failure or poor grades can often be traced to the absence or break-down of a productive approach to learning.
Providing you aren't willing to be satisfied with moderate understanding and moderate grades, then you will probably be looking for ways to overcome these concerns. These kinds of issues are common to many students and can be worked out with a little instruction and application of new strategies to your efforts.
For many students the concept of study brings to mind the mythology of late term cramming efforts and all-nighters.
Getting set to study can sometimes be a matter of realizing if you don't get started right away and use whatever time remains you may well end up failing the exam. For the next few days you frantically compile and study your notes until you feel you have a grasp on the information, undertaking intense study sessions only to feel frustrated at your results later on.
The strategy of cramming at the last minute often fails because you have to assimilate and integrate vast quantities of information in too short a period of time.
You are likely to feel overwhelmed and overloaded with details and ideas that do not seem connected. Such feelings will likely contribute to a broader sense of anxiety and dread about the exam. You cannot expect to perform well consistently with this sort of preparation and attitude. When you cram, you do not allow yourself adequate time to integrate ideas, to consolidate information into meaningful patterns, to analyze and criticize the ideas, to reflect on ideas so as to gain a deeper understanding of their connections, to test yourself by recitation and elaborative rehearsal.
Instead, you struggle to hold all the terms and concepts in your memory long enough to make it to the exam room. Some information "spills out" on the way: Under the pressure of the exam, you may find that you forget pertinent details, that you cannot see important connections, and that you cannot adequately analyze and interpret the questions so as to draw on what you do remember.
Less frantic, and usually much more productive, routines can be put in place without great effort for both long term and short term study.WHAT IS A CRITICAL THINKING ESSAY? Many college assignments require you to support a thesis. The concept of a critical thinking essay is that you start without an end in mind.
You don't necessarily know how you feel about a subject or what you want to say about the subject you allow the research and your own thinking to determine the outcome. PPSC SPSC NTS FPSC CSS PMS MCQs Past Papers Jobs Results Syllabus. MCQs Tests Notes on General Knowledge,Pak Studies,Urdu,English,Islamic Studies,Everyday Science,Math,Physics,Bio,Computer Science,Chemistry.
Bar Exam Information.
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Choose one of the thousands addictive multiple choice questions quizzes, play and share. Year 12 Biology - Multiple Choice Questions. WHAT IS A CRITICAL THINKING ESSAY?
Many college assignments require you to support a thesis. The concept of a critical thinking essay is that you start without an end in mind.
You don't necessarily know how you feel about a subject or what you want to say about the subject you allow the research and your own thinking to determine the . Click on the () to get the detailed assignment sheet and a list of topics to be covered for each unit of study. Click on the to go to a page filled with extensive web links to sites and many primary source documents for that unit of study.