According to a widely held view, he was the founder of the modern way of conceptualizing society and thus the modern social sciences. His major interest was the process of rationalization, which characterizes Western civilizationwhat he called the "demystification of the world.
For Weber his personal focus on the coming of modernity begins with the industrial revolution of the late 18th century.
For it were the individualistic, systematic and rationalised Max weber protestant work ethic and values of the protestant ethic that harboured the attitude needed to create economic success and ultimately the success of the industrial revolution.
The concept of rationalization was thus the result of the protestant work ethic and attributed to the new modern economy itself.
In this context rationalisation means the elimination of magic as a means to salvation, replaced with constant self control and rational calculation. The emphasis on individual fulfilment of worldly obligations combined with a moral justification is a common doctrine theme of Protestantism after the reformation.
Ultimately the Calvinist idea of God was the divine desire for all to work, rich and poor. This formed an ethical conduct based on the foundation of the value of hard work, attributing greatly to the protestant ethic. There was no room for time to be wasted on activities that did not further increase the glory of God on earth, showing the effects of salvation being thoroughly rationalised by the Protestant man of the reformation.
The concept of pre destination was developed by John Calvin and its teachings in response to the individual religious responsibility and the strain of salvation uncertainty gave direction to where the energy consumption of the believer should lie.
For many this would be the equivalent to a sign that they are one of the elect, predestined to be saved. This attributed to the values of methodically, rationalized and ethical conduct, especially in work that promotes the glory of God on earth.
The rationalized, methodical attitude derived from the protestant ethic is a huge influence in the success of economic application. It is the key characteristics of the protestant ethic that harbour the spirit of capitalism. As the spirit of capitalism clearly portrays the attitude of rational pursuit of profit there had to be a moral justification among the reformed doctrines such as Calvinism concerning wealth.
Wealth is often incorporated into religious ideas of greed and selfishness. While the Calvin doctrine ensured the pursuit of profit and wealth for self interest and sins of the flesh were still unethical, there also had to be a time and place when it was seen as a blessing, a sign.
If the traditional values were held primarily to the attainment of wealth there would have been no economic incentive to accumulate profits or develop the hard, disciplined attitude towards work.
With the origin of this attitude being that of religious Protestants after the reformation, it is safe to say their beliefs helped foster the conditions for successful modern capitalism. The concept of the average worker acquiring something more than economic gains from their work was an essential element in the change in approach to work after the reformation.
Weber implies the capitalist enterprise had to wait for the right religious changes to produce a capitalist spirit. Other common moral values of Protestants are also illustrated in promoting economic gain such as honesty and thrift. Such work discipline among the labour force, Weber is conscious of as a prerequisite of successful industrial capitalism Weber and Eldridge It is these elements that contributed to the development of a strict, self disciplined code of conduct that was praised in protestant doctrines and subsequently resulted in the development of the capitalist, rationalist way of life.
Second to the economic sphere of life, social life was impacted by the effects of the Protestant ethic and the development of the process of rationalization.
The concept of rationalization that resulted after the reformation contradicted to the traditional religious beliefs and customs that had existed. The personal community traditions and togetherness before the reformation was replaced with impersonal economic dealings and an individualistic style of life.
The essay question itself holds a central relevance to the two contributors of the industrial revolution, the Protestant ethic and as a result the process of rationalization. The changes in the approach and attitude of the individual towards their occupation and daily activities was the religious influence that was needed as a prerequisite for the spirit of capitalism and the success of the industrial revolution.
In particular the impact of the doctrine of pre destination encouraged a more systematic, methodical attitude towards work. It was when the worker began making great economic gains via slow accumulation and reinvestment that the believer could interrupt it as a sign from god that they were one of the elect.
Due to rationalization eliminating magical means to salvation, it was this work in their calling that the religious believer could turn to, subsiding religious anxiety and uncertainty over whether they were destined to be saved or damned.
While the key protestant believers after the reformation have left their mark on modern society, one fundamental element taken from this research can be matched to the values of society today, the emphasis on self made success and promotion over simple status inheritance.
While the achieved economic success that resulted from the protestant work ethic ultimately undermined religion as modern society is now solely driven by the market alone, the impact of rationalisation on secular spheres of social life has grown further. Heightened by our present emphasis on science and technology, rationalisation of the ethical and practical are for the most part indented in our characters.
Choose Type of service.Max Weber's The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism is a study of the relationship between the ethics of ascetic Protestantism and the emergence of the spirit of modern capitalism.
Weber argues that the religious ideas of groups such as the Calvinists played a role in creating the capitalistic spirit. Enter a group of Dutch economists, who have discovered that the Protestant work ethic is real.
A recent paper by André van Hoorn and Robbert Maseland. Test[s] the relation between Protestantism and work attitudes using a novel method, operationalizing work ethic as the effect of unemployment on individuals’ subjective well-being.
"The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism" is a book written by sociologist and economist Max Weber in The original version was in German and it was translated into English in It is often considered a founding text in economic sociology and sociology in general.
Max Weber was a German philosopher. He was deeply influenced by many other sociologists and thinkers such as Karl Marx, Immanuel Kant etc. Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism was regarded as the most important work of Weber.
Max weber’s Protestant work ethic and its relevance to modern economics While functionalism and Marxism discuss how religion is a conservative force in preventing social change, weber argued that sometimes, religion can cause social change. Max Weber and Protestant Work Ethic The brief for this assignment was “Describe Max Weber’s Concept of Work and its relevance to Modern Economics”.