Definition Definition of Intellectual Disability Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, which covers many everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of Intellectual Functioning Intellectual functioning—also called intelligence—refers to general mental capacity, such as learning, reasoning, problem solving, and so on.
Intellectual disability is a below-average cognitive ability with three 3 characteristics: Intelligent quotient or I. The onset of the disability occurs before age Intelligence refers to general mental capability and involves the ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend complex ideas, learn quickly, and learn from experience.
Common causes occur from genetic conditions Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome are examplesproblems during pregnancy a pregnancy of the mother who drinks alcohol while pregnant can result in FASDproblems at the time of birth, health problems such as whooping cough, measles or meningitis and exposure to environmental toxins like lead or mercury.
The impact of having an intellectual disability varies considerably, just as the range of abilities varies considerably among all people. Children may take longer to learn to speak, walk and take care of their personal needs, such as dressing or eating.
It may take longer to learn in school. As adults, some people are able to lead independent lives in the community without paid supports. A small percentage will have serious, lifelong limitations in functioning.
However, with early intervention, an appropriate education and supports as an adult, all can lead satisfying lives in the community. Sometimes intellectual disability is also referred to as developmental disability which is a broader term that includes ASD autism spectrum disordersepilepsy, cerebral palsy, developmental delay, fetal alcohol syndrome or FASD and other disorders that occur during the developmental period birth to age The major differences are in the age of onset, the severity of limitations, and the fact that a person with a developmental disability definition may or may not have a low I.
While some people with intellectual disability will also meet the definition of developmental disability, it is estimated that at least half do not meet the requirements for the developmental disability definition.Intellectual disability (now the preferred term for mental retardation) is a disorder characterized by cognitive delays.
Get the facts from WebMD about its symptoms, causes, and treatments. Intellectual disability is a condition with an onset in the developmental period of life and includes below-average general intellectual function and a lack of the skills necessary for independent.
Facts About Intellectual Disability What is intellectual disability? Intellectual disability is a term used when there are limits to a person’s ability to learn at an expected level and function in daily life.
Levels of intellectual disability Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities. Official website of the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Research for doctors, nurses, health care professionals and more!
Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, which covers many everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of Developmental disabilities are a group of conditions due to an impairment in physical, learning, language, or behavior areas.
These conditions begin during the developmental period, may impact day-to-day functioning, and usually last throughout a person’s lifetime. 1 Developmental Milestones.