Additional Information In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: A Review Essay Michael W. Doyle, Ways of War and Peace: Realism, Liberalism, and Socialism.
America has long been called "The Melting Pot" due to the fact that it is made up of a varied mix of races, cultures, and ethnicities. As more and more immigrants come to America searching for a better life, the population naturally becomes more diverse.
This has, in turn, spun a great debate over multiculturalism. Some of the issues under fire are who is benefiting from the education, and how to present the material in a way so as to offend the least amount of people.
There are many variations on these themes as will be discussed later in this paper. In the 's several educators called for programs of cultural diversity that encouraged ethnic and minority students to study their respective heritages.
This is not a simple feat due to the fact that there is much diversity within individual cultures. A look at a census shows that the American population has changed more noticeably in the last ten years than in any other time in the twentieth century, with one out of every four Americans identifying themselves as black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, or American Indian Gould The number of foreign born residents also reached an all time high of twenty million, easily passing the record of fourteen million.
Most people, from educators to philosophers, agree that an important first step in successfully joining multiple cultures is to develop an underezding of each others background. However, the similarities stop there.
One problem is in defining the term "multiculturalism". When it is looked at simply as meaning the existence of a culturally integrated society, many people have no problems.
However, when you go beyond that and try to suggest a different way of arriving at that culturally integrated society, Everyone seems to have a different opinion on what will work. Since education is at the root of the problem, it might be appropriate to use an example in that context.
Although the debate at Stanford University ran much deeper than I can hope to touch in this paper, the root of the problem was as follows: InStanford University came up with a program - later known as the "Stanford-style multicultural curriculum" which aimed to familiarize students with traditions, philosophy, literature, and history of the West.
They felt that this type of teaching denied students the knowledge of contributions by people of color, women, and other oppressed groups. Inthe faculty voted 39 to 4 to change the curriculum and do away with the fifteen book requirement and the term "Western" for the study of at least one non-European culture and proper attention to be given to the issues of race and gender Gould This debate was very important because its publicity provided the grounds for the argument that America is a pluralistic society and to study only one people would not accurately portray what really makes up this country.
Proponents of multicultural education argue that it offers students a balanced appreciation and critique of other cultures as well as our own Stotsky While it is common sense that one could not have a true underezding of a subject by only possessing knowledge of one side of it, this brings up the fact that there would never be enough time in our current school year to equally cover the contributions of each individual nationality.
This leaves teachers with two options. The first would be to lengthen the school year, which is highly unlikely because of the political aspects of the situation.
The other choice is to modify the curriculum to only include what the instructor or school feels are the most important contributions, which again leaves them open to criticism from groups that feel they are not being equally treated. A national ezdard is out of the question because of the fact that different parts of the country contain certain concentrations of nationalities.
An example of this is the high concentration of Cubans in Florida or Latinos in the west. Nonetheless, teachers are at the top of the agenda when it comes to multiculturalism. They can do the most for children during the early years of learning, when kids are most impressionable.
By engaging students in activities that follow the lines of their multicultural curriculum, they can open up young minds while making learning fun.
This newly acquired vocabulary formed a common bond among the children in their early years, an appropriate time for learning respect and underezding Pyszkowski Another exciting idea is to put children in the setting of the culture they are learning about.
By surrounding children in the ideas and customs of other cultures, they can better underezd what it is like to be removed from our society altogether, if only for a day.
Having kids dress up in foreign clothing, sample foods and sing songs from abroad makes educating easier on the teacher by making it fun for the students. A simple idea that helps teachers is to let students speak for themselves.
Ask students how they feel about each other and why. This will help dispel stereotypes that might be created in the home.Evaluation of E. B. White's Essay E. B. White's essay, "Once More To The Lake," is an enjoyable story full of detailed description and emotion. , ] He goes on to defend the canon of works by dead white males that has traditionally made up the curriculum of liberal arts education.
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Dead white males or Dead White European Males (DWEM) is a derisive term referring to the tradition of thought and pedagogy that stresses the contributions of historic European males while ignoring other groups of people (individuals of non-European descent and women).
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A Critique of “Reexamining the Plight of Young Males” The Washington Post first published an article by Megan Rosenfeld titled “Reexamining the Plight of Young Males” in March of In this article Rosenfeld discusses the gender stereotyping of boys.
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A Review Essay Michael W. Doyle, Ways of War and Peace: Realism, Liberalism, and Socialism. New York: W.W. Norton, International relations deposing “dead white males” and enthroning in their place critical theorists (many of whom are also white, male, and dead). But many international.