Max Gerber] I am often asked whether I agree with the new group selectionists, and the questioners are always surprised when I say I do not. After all, group selection sounds like a reasonable extension of evolutionary theory and a plausible explanation of the social nature of humans. Also, the group selectionists tend to declare victory, and write as if their theory has already superseded a narrow, reductionist dogma that selection acts only at the level of genes. In this essay, I'll explain why I think that this reasonableness is an illusion.
Description of the act. Overview of the law: Most student-intiated, student-led, special interest, non-curriculum clubs are allowed to be organized in most U. Their right to assemble is almost always protected under a federal law -- the Equal Access Act, 20 U.
Exceptions are clubs that would: At the time, it was originally heavily promoted by conservative Christian groups to protect students who wanted to organize religious clubs in public secondary schools.
These are typically conservative Christian Bible study, fellowship, and prayer clubs. One writer estimated that the number of Christian Bible clubs in high schools rose from in to 15, by The Act affects much more than Christian clubs. The Act requires most schools to also permit faith-based clubs of all religions, and none.
School districts can opt out of the Act by prohibiting all non-curriculum clubs or by giving up federal funding. Neither is an attractive option.
Prohibiting all clubs will create a lot of frustration and anger among the students. Federal funding is irresistible. The Equal Access Law: The law applies only to public secondary schools which: Receive Federal financial assistance.
Already have "a limited open forum. Chess, model building, political, religious and many similar types of clubs are considered to be non-curriculum based.
A French club might be considered to be curriculum related. The language of the Act is quite clear. Such schools must allow additional clubs to be organized, as long as: The group is student-initiated. The group is not sponsored by the school itself, by teachers, by other school employees, or by the government.
This means that such employees cannot promote, lead or participate in a meeting. However, a teacher or other school employee can be assigned to a group for "custodial purposes.
Each club must have equal access to meeting spaces, the PA system, school periodicals, bulletin board space, etc.
School officials have the right to monitor meetings. Officials can require all clubs to follow a set of rules, including non-discrimination policies. However, a court has ruled that religious clubs can discriminate against persons of other faiths in their selection of officers.
The school may limit meeting times and locations, but must apply rules equally to all groups. The school may prohibit people from the community from attending student clubs. However, they must apply this rule equally to all groups. Thus, if the school receives financial support from the Federal government and already has one or more student-initiated, extracurricular clubs on campus, then additional clubs cannot be prohibited.
One exception would be in the case of a group that can be shown to be disruptive to the educational process. The Equal Access Act and the U. Constitution itself protects students' right to the enjoyment of free association and speech.
In their rulings, the courts supported the right of school districts to prohibit student-led religious clubs on campus. Many school administrators followed these decisions, feeling that they were simply enforcing the First Amendment's wall of separation of church and state.
Inthe U. Supreme Court ruled in Widmar v. Vincent, US that public universities which allowed political student-led groups to use campus buildings for their meetings could not deny equal privileges to a Christian student group on campus.
They reasoned that university students are mature individuals. The students would realize that the university is acting in a neutral manner toward religion by allowing religious groups to meet on campus.
The university would not be viewed as promoting religion because of their equal treatment of all student groups.Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England. He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award.
Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers. Essay/Term paper: What is religion Essay, term paper, research paper: Religion religion or religions, he now gives equal credibility to all religions to which previously he had not.
He has concluded that those persons of the various Writer is excellent. Met all requirements of the paper produce superb work. Thank you for your time. Free Essay: What is religion? Each person’s definition of religion is different. Each person’s faith is different. This is a question that has been asked for Home Page; Writing; What Is Religion?
Essay All religions acknowledge that God is forever and exist everywhere at all times. Oftentimes a local congregation will have the same. Writer; About. Company; Legal; Site Map; Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Convention on the Rights of the Child In the year since President Trump’s inauguration, Washington Post photographers set out to explore what unites Americans, through portraiture and audio interviews.
Proofs of a Conspiracy Against all the Religions and Governments of Europe Carried on in the Secret Meetings of Free Masons, Illuminati and Reading Societies. Collected from Good Authorities by John Robison, A.M. Professor of Natural Philosophy, and Secretary to the Royal Society of Edinburgh.