The system of administration that Bangladesh inherited at independence was basically of a colonial nature and had been handed down to Pakistan by the British following the partition of India in
How to Write a Summary of an Article? It covers the period both before and after democratization of the country, hinging around the events ofand thus provides the opportunity for comparisons.
It has sought to draw out the relative importance of political will including the intentions and authority of governments, and to critically assess their capacity, the degree of co-operation they gained from civil service actors, and to assess the relevance and appropriateness of international donor interventions.
Bangladesh is no exception. Since its emergence as a nation- state, Bangladesh has been trying hard to reshape its administrative system. However, despite their perceived importance, administrative reform in Bangladesh has encountered serious hurdles over the last thirty years.
Since after a civil war 17 reforms have been taken from which some reforms are very crucial. Bangladesh bears a colonial legacy in its entire public administration system. Presentday Bangladesh was part of the British Empire for almost two hundred years.
In Pakistani rulers replaced the British and dominated the area then known as East Pakistan until a bitter war in brought about an independent Bangladesh. A colonial imprint persists in Bangladesh especially in political and administrative Arrangements. The British tradition helped the bureaucracy to become an essential tool of governance.
The political system of Bangladesh has survived a series of transitions.
A few years of democracy were followed by nearly fifteen years of military rule. Infor the first time, Bangladesh achieved a fully functioning democratic structure. Ironically, the nature and role of bureaucracy in both the pre and post-democratic period remained almost the same except for an increase in number of ministries, divisions, departments and statutory bodies Ahmed, After independence its focus was the attainment of development in all spheres of life by intervention and the use of administration in a constructive way.
Government and administration were seen not merely as a regulator but as a facilitator. However, it can be argued that development, when considered as a multi-dimensional concept, cannot be attained and sustained without good governance.
For example, many developing countries have prepared. Essential component in implementing the plans and strategies to achieve the targets set forth by PRSP; but good governance is a component that most developing countries seriously lack.
Grindle points out that when determining their priorities and taking steps to ensure good governance, most developing countries go too far: No matter how much a government tries, success will not be attained if it lacks competent institutions to implement policies.
Public administration is the key institution for policy implementation. If it is not functioning well, then PRSP targets are unlikely to be met. The state has to make sure that its administrative apparatus is functioning well, so that it can innovate and implement solutions and that it can ensure that the poor will not be excluded from the process and benefits of development.
From the beginning of the s, the role of government has changed from an intervener to a referee; instead of playing the game, its main duty is to make sure that a fair game is being played.
This reinvented role of the government necessitates redefining the role of the bureaucracy. The performance of a public organization depends largely on how the domestic political institution handles global pressures as well as how it interacts with the bureaucracy.
In a country like Bangladesh, where global pressure is eminent and the domestic political institutions are ill structured, the colonial legacy places the bureaucracy in a difficult position. As globalization or market liberalization changes both the domestic context and the functioning of the bureaucracy, it is possible—but not necessarily desirable—that the two primary state institutions, politics and bureaucracy, forge an alliance.
All countries strive to reform their administrative system in response to the challenge posed by socioeconomic posed, political, and technical environment.Administrative Reform in Bd.
Topics: Bureaucracy, Public Administration Essay Essay on Administrative Reform in the Philippines A study was made by the World Bank about the extent of corruption in the Philippines. The study reveals the existence of a consensus in the government, nongovernmental and international circles that corruption in.
Sep 21, · Administrative Reforms in Bangladesh Administrative Reforms official attempts aimed at restructuring or reorganising the existing governmental structure and its mode of functioning. The system of administration that Bangladesh inherited at independence was basically of a colonial nature and had been handed down to .
reform is a priority task for the nation. On the other hand, administrative reform is not being carried out earnestly.
According to reports, the government is having difficulty even in finding a stable chairman for the administrative reform commission. There is a long history of administrative reform commissions in Bangladesh.
Sep 21, · Administrative Reforms in Bangladesh Administrative Reforms official attempts aimed at restructuring or reorganising the existing governmental structure and its mode of functioning. The system of administration that Bangladesh inherited at independence was basically of a colonial nature and had been handed down to Pakistan by the British following the partition of India in Bangladesh.
On the one hand, there is a widespread recognition that administrative reform is a priority task for the nation. On the other hand, administrative reform is not being carried out earnestly. There is a long history of administrative reform commissions in Bangladesh.
Almost every administration instituted administrative commissions. This paper explores the interplay between politics and administrative reform in Bangladesh by drawing some perspectives from other developing countries. It covers the period both before and after democratization of the country, hinging around the events of , and thus provides the opportunity for comparisons.