See Article History Alternative Titles: Early life The son of Nero Claudius Drususa popular and successful Roman general, and the younger Antonia, he was the nephew of the emperor Tiberius and a grandson of Livia Drusillathe wife of the emperor Augustus.
Pennsylvania State University Introduction Ti. Claudius Nero Germanicus b. His reign represents a turning point in the history of the Principate for a number of reasons, not the least for the manner of his accession and the implications it carried for the nature of the office.
During his reign he promoted administrators who did not belong to the senatorial or equestrian classes, and was later vilified by authors who did. He followed Caesar in carrying Roman arms across the English Channel into Britain but, unlike his predecessor, he initiated the full-scale annexation of Britain as a province, which remains today the most closely studied corner of the Roman Empire.
His relationships with his wives and children provide detailed insights into the perennial difficulties of the succession problem faced by all Roman Emperors. His final settlement in this regard was not lucky: Domitius Ahenobarbuswho was to reign catastrophically as Nero and bring the dynasty to an end.
Claudius's reign, therefore, was a mixture of successes and failures that leads into the last phase of the Julio-Claudian line.
Early Life 10 BC - 41 A. It might be expected that Claudius, as a well-connected imperial prince, would have enjoyed the active public life customary for young men of his standing but this was not the case.
In an age that despised weakness, Claudius was unfortunate enough to have been born with defects.
He limped, he drooled, he stuttered and was constantly ill. A sign of this familial disdain is that he remained under guardianship, like a woman, even after he had reached the age of majority.
Suetonius, in particular, preserves comments of Antonia, his mother, and Liviahis grandmother, which are particularly cruel in their assessment of the boy. From the same source, however, it emerges that Augustus suspected that there was more to this "idiot" than met the eye.
The normal rites de passage of an imperial prince came and went without official notice, and Claudius received no summons to public office or orders to command troops on the frontiers.
How he spent the voluminous free time of his youth is revealed by his later character: He became a scholar of considerable ability and composed works on all subjects in the liberal arts, especially history; he was the last person we know of who could read Etruscan.
It should not be forgotten that Claudius's wing of the family suffered terribly in the internal struggles for succession that racked the imperial house.
His father died on campaign when Claudius was only one year old, and his beloved brother, Germanicus, succumbed under suspicious circumstances in AD His only other sibling to reach adulthood, Livilla, became involved with Sejanus and paid the ultimate price in the wake of the latter's fall from grace in AD Through all this turmoil Claudius survived, primarily through being ignored as an embarrassment and an idiot.
Gaiusit seems, liked to use his bookish, frail uncle as the butt of cruel jokes and, in keeping with this pattern of behavior, promoted him to a suffect consulship on 1 July 37 A. At 46 years of age, it was Claudius's first public office.
Despite this sortie into public life, he seemed destined for a relatively quiet and secluded dotage when, in January 41, events overtook him.
Arguably the most important period of Claudius's reign was its first few hours.
The events surrounding his accession are worthy of detailed description, since they revealed much about the true nature of the Augustan Principate. In the early afternoon of 24 January 41 A. Shortly before lunch time, Claudius took his leave and the emperor decided that he, too, would adjourn for a bath.
As Gaius was making his way down an isolated palace corridor he was surrounded and cut down by discontented members of his own bodyguard. In the aftermath of the assassination -- the first open murder of a Roman emperor -- there was widespread panic and confusion.
The German elements of the emperor's bodyguard, who were fiercely loyal to their chief, went on the rampage and killed indiscriminately. Soldiers of the larger Praetorian Guard began looting the imperial palace. According to the best-known tradition, some Guardsmen found Claudius cowering behind a curtain and, on the spot, they declared him their emperor and carried him off to their camp.
In this story, a hapless Claudius falls into power entirely as a result of accident, and very much against his will.The son of Nero Claudius Drusus, a popular and successful Roman general, and the younger Antonia, he was the nephew of the emperor Tiberius and a grandson of Livia Drusilla, the wife of the emperor Augustus.
Ill health, unattractive appearance, clumsiness of manner, and coarseness of taste did not recommend him for a public life. Tiberius Caesar, son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and adopted son of August Caesar, became Emperor of Rome September 17, 9 C.E.
He was known in the later years of . Account of the Life and Reign of Tiberius Claudius Nero Germanicus PAGES 4. WORDS View Full Essay.
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He was also the nephew of Tiberius, the father of Caligula, and the maternal grandfather of Nero. During the reign of Augustus, Germanicus enjoyed an accelerated political career as the heir of the emperor's heir, entering the office of quaestor five years before the legal age in AD 7.
Claudius (/ ˈ k l ɔː d i ə s /; Latin: Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to A member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, he was the son of Drusus and Antonia ashio-midori.comsor: Nero.
Claudius. Names: 1 August 10 BCE: Tiberius Claudius Nero ; 25 January Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus 13 October poisoned Successor of: Caligula Relatives. father: Drusus mother: Antonia Minor first wife: Plautia Urgulanilla son: Claudius Drusus (died as child) daughter: Claudia (not recognized) second wife: Aelia Paetina daughter: Antonia third wife: Messalina.